Bundala National Park | Colombo | Sri Lankan Guides
Bundala National Park, located 245 kilometers southeast of Colombo, is a haven for bird enthusiasts, boasting 197 bird species, with the iconic greater flamingo taking center stage during its migratory gatherings. Initially designated a wildlife sanctuary in 1969 and later upgraded to a national park on January 4, 1993, Bundala achieved further recognition in 1991 as Sri Lanka’s first Ramsar site, highlighting its importance as a wetland.
The park earned UNESCO’s biosphere reserve status in 2005, marking it as the fourth such reserve in the country. The prime time to visit is from September to March, witnessing the influx of migratory birds. Bundala’s ecological diversity extends to seven terrestrial and six wetland habitat types, featuring 383 plant species from 90 families.
Notably, the park hosts a unique strip of Palu (Manilkara hexandra) tree forest on its sand dunes. With 324 vertebrate species, including elephants, toque macaques, leopards, and a variety of birds, Bundala stands as an exceptional Important Bird Area in the South Indian and Sri Lankan wetlands, making it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts.